About Tanzania

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The United Republic of Tanzania is placed in eastern Africa on the Indian Ocean between Kenya and Mozambique and contains the Island of Zanzibar. Its biggest city, Dar es Salaam, is placed along the eastern coast on the Indian Ocean.

Tanzania covers a region roughly twice the size of California. The terrain contains coastal plains, a central plateau, and highlands in the south and north. It is home to Mt. Kilimanjaro, Lake Victoria (the second biggest lake in the planet), and the Great Rift Valley. The climate varies from tropical along the coast to temperature in the highlands. Natural resources contain tin, hydropower, iron ore, phosphates, gemstones, diamonds, natural gas, gold and nickel.

Climate

Mainland Tanzania can be divided into 4 major climactic and topographic places: the warm and wet coastal lowlands of the Indian Ocean seashore, the warm and in the middle of zone of the broad central plateau, the high inland mountain and lake area of the northern border, where Mount Kilimanjaro is placed, and the highlands of the southwest and northeast, the climates of which range from tropical to temperature. Tanzania hot equatorial climate is modified by variations in elevations. The top amount of solar radiation all through the year is linked with a restricted seasonal fluctuations of temperature: the mean monthly variations is less than 10 F at most stations.

Animal life

Big herbs of hoofed animals – giraffes, zebras, wildebeests, gazelles, buffalo, dik-diks, elands, and kudu are found in most of the country’s different game parks. Predators contain wild dogs, hyenas, and the big cats – cheetahs, leopards, and lions. Crocodiles and hippopotamuses are general on lakeshores and riverbanks. The government has taken unique measures to protect elephants and rhinoceroses, which have fallen victim to poachers. Little  bands of chimpanzees inhabit Gombe National Park near the Lake Tanganyika. Nearly 1,500 varieties of birds have been reported, and there are different species of lizards and snakes.

Tanzania economy

Tanzania primarily agrarian economy is considered by environmental and geography factors such as erratic and low rainfall, deforestation and soil erosion. Only eight percent of Tanzania land is under cultivation, even though approximately eight percent of its population is employed in agriculture.  The principal crops of cotton, coffee, tobacco and sisal have been affected by instability in the globe market demand and rising costs of imported fertilizers, fuel, and equipment .

At seven percent in 2016, Tanzania economy is expanding fast, putting it close to the best of the quickest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa. This expansion soften during the previous quarter of 2016, and continued to do so into 2017.

Demographic trends

Tanzania population growth rate is lower than the globe average and below that of many of the nations of sub-Saharan Africa. More than 2/5 of Tanzanians are under the age of fifteen. Life expectancy, about approximately fifty years, is above average for the subcontinent. Starting in the early 1960s, Tanzania witnessed a gradual decrease in infant mortality; in the early twenty century, infant mortality dropped below the average rate of sub-Saharan Africa.

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